Jubilate (Easter 4), 2021

Saint Matthew Lutheran Church—Ernestville, Missouri

Jesus says, “You will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice. You will be sorrowful, but your sorrow will turn into joy” (John 16:20).

What does this mean?

You will weep and lament.

You will be sorrowful.

And the world—not you but the world—will rejoice.

But that is just a little while.

Jesus adds: your sorrow will turn into joy.

The “little while” that’s mentioned is both comfort and warning.

Today’s Gospel lesson anticipates the certain, Christian joy of the resurrection of the body and the life everlasting, but there’s something else here that we need to talk about.

So it’s not just, What does this mean?

But also, Why does it mean that? Or, What else does this mean?

I’ll give you two other examples.

You hear Matthew chapter eighteen quoted a lot. That’s where Jesus says, “For where two or three are gathered in my name, there am I among them” (Matthew 18:20).

If I ask ”What does this mean?” someone will answer that if no one else shows up to church but you and the pastor—you still get Jesus.

And you’re right.

Jesus isn’t a revivalist preacher, a televangelist, or the pastor of some megachurch—which is to say, Jesus still shows up even if more than two or three don’t.

But if I ask “What else does this mean?” what would you say?

In truth, Matthew 18 isn’t even about God’s presence when church attendance is low.

Jesus says, “If your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault. If he listens to you, you’ve gained your brother. But if he doesn’t listen, take one or two others with you, that the charge may be established by two or three witnesses. If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church. And if he refuses to listen to the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. If two of you agree on earth about anything they ask, it will be done for them by my Father in heaven. For where two or three are gathered in my name, there am I among them” (cf. Matthew 18:15-20).

The real context of Jesus’ words there is forgiveness and judgment—how Christians are to deal with sin and each other.

If a Christian, with and by means of the Word of God, calls you to repentance, listen to him.

But if you don’t care…

If those given the care of your soul, through God’s Word, call you to repentance, listen to them.

But if you don’t heed that warning…

If the congregation practices what is historically called “church discipline,” following what Jesus says, of course, turn from your ways and live.

That judgment is as valid as though God Himself has said it—and, speaking through the congregation, He has.

That’s the context of Matthew chapter eighteen, and so we have how we use that verse, and we have the proper context of the verse.

The same words are both comfort and warning.

What it means to us—and what else it means.

I’ll give you another example of this, again, using words with which we’re all familiar.

Job writes, “Oh that my words were written! Oh that they were inscribed in a book! Oh that with an iron pen and lead they were engraved in the rock forever! For I know that my Redeemer lives, and at the last he will stand upon the earth. And after my skin has been thus destroyed, yet in my flesh I shall see God, whom I shall see for myself, and my eyes shall behold, and not another” (Job 19:23-27).

What does this mean?

Of course Job is confessing his faith in the Redeemer. Of course this is a marvelous confession of the resurrection of the body and the life everlasting.

Of course it is.

But what else does this mean?

What does Job say next?

What is the conclusion of everything Job is saying?

No one knows.

Now, you know I’ve studied the book of Job.

I can’t seem to stop talking about it.

But before I studied it, like everyone else, I knew the famous words from chapter nineteen, but I didn’t know the final words from chapter nineteen.

Job adds: “If you say, ‘How we will pursue him!’and, ‘The root of the matter is found in him,’ be afraid of the sword,for wrath brings the punishment of the sword, that you may know there is a judgment” (Job 19:28-29).

Job makes what may be the single most wonderful confession of the resurrection of the body contained in Scripture—but he makes it in the context of warning his friends regarding the coming judgment.

We commonly use those verses at funerals and at Easter.

But Job, himself, uses those verses to confess faith in his Redeemer, certainty regarding the resurrection of the body, and as a call to repentance for his friends who are far from faithful.

The same words are both comfort and warning.

And so there is some urgency here.

From Matthew, from Job, and from Jesus’ words in today’s Gospel lesson, there is some urgency regarding the coming judgment.

There is comfort—and there is warning.

Jesus says, “You will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice. You will be sorrowful, but your sorrow will turn into joy” (John 16:20).

As the disciples did when the Lord was crucified, you will weep and lament. You’ll have your share of fear and of foreboding because of what is coming on the world.

You’ll live as exiles, strangers in a strange land.

Hated and misunderstood by those who hate or misunderstand Jesus.

You’ll weep, and you’ll be flummoxed and confounded by the world’s rejoicing. So many appear to do so much and all so much more easily than you.

That’s the warning.

But—you have a Savior, Jesus Christ the Lord.

And so—your sorrow will turn into joy.

That’s the comfort.

Our Lord and Christ bore the sins of our fallen race, heel bruised, in order to beat down satan under even our feet, that we, and all believers in Christ, would be called conquerors.

That’s the great reversal.

And—said elsewhere and throughout Scripture but unspoken in today’s Gospel lesson is the second, implied reversal.

Jesus says, “You will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice. You will be sorrowful, but your sorrow will turn into joy” (John 16:20).

And then—what of the world?

Where two or three are gathered, or two or three thousand, if they’re not gathered in Jesus’ name, purely teaching the Gospel and rightly administering the Sacraments, that’s not the Church.

That’s the warning.

With some urgency, then, we should aim to get the message right before we get the message out.

To remove the beam from our own eyes before we help our brother with the speck in his.

“When a woman is giving birth, she has sorrow because her hour has come, but when she’s delivered the baby, she no longer remembers the anguish, for joy that a human being has been born into the world” (John 16:21).

So how do you want to say this?

There is but a little while to wait, and that is both warning and comfort.

We all have much to endure, but—

“At the last [your Redeemer] will stand upon the earth. And after [your] skin has been thus destroyed, yet in [your] flesh [shall you] see God” (cf. Job 19:25-26).

If that’s more than poetry…If that’s more than what’s engraved on the rock outside…If that’s more than man’s word alone…

If you love the Lord your God—and your neighbor as yourself…

If God is with you…

And there is a coming judgment…

Then you need to care about what’s meet, right, and salutary…

You need to care about godly things, not worldly things.

Turn off the tv.

Stop fornicating.

You may weep and lament.

And the world may laugh at you.

But your sorrow will turn into joy.

Jesus says, “You have sorrow now, but I will see you again, and your hearts will rejoice, and no one will take your joy from you” (John 16:22).

That’s the comfort.

In Jesus’ name, Amen!

Jubilate (Easter 4) Sermon, 2021
John 16:16-22
Rev. Benjamin Tyler Holt

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